The intensive strikes of the air campaign led by Saudi Arabia targeting the military camps of the Houthi and Saleh loyalists in Sana’a and other cities since March 26 resulted in great human rights violations. It caused deaths and injuries amongst civilians and destroyed a big part of the private and public infrastructure. The major violations caused by the air strikes were attributed to the existence of Houthi targets in these sites or being used for military purposes.
On the other side, Houthi insurgents and Saleh forces have attacked the other cities since early 2014 causing major unlawful deaths amongst civilians, mass arbitrary arrests, torture and killings of prisoners, bombing houses and buildings along with other abuses to human rights. They also imposed a mass punishment over the civilians of the attacked cities by setting up a full siege on people and deprived them of basic services, cutting employees’ salaries and controlling all the countries’ financial resources using it to finance their military operations under the “Military Effort” according to the government accusations to Houthi group.
The armed popular resistance named the “Popular Resistance” was formed after the territorial advance of the Houthis sweeping towards their cities. The Houthi’s attempted expansion started right after their takeover of Sana’a. The Popular Resistance is composed of many political and tribal components from Mar’rib, Aden, Taiz, Lahj, Aljawf, Aldali’, and Shabwah. Some of its members were accused of committing individual violations of human rights.
Other violations of human rights were made by the army loyal to the legal government and the Emirates troops deployed to fight against the Houthis and Saleh forces along with Security Belt Forces and the forces of Hadhrami Elites. They killed outside of the law, conducted systematic arbitrary arrests, serious torture cases, racist discrimination incidents, narrowed the freedom of the press and expression, and administered the governorates under their control by undeclared emergency to get impunity and escape from accusations in the future.
The Southern Movement committed various human rights violations along with the Al-Qaeda forces in Aden, Lahj, Abyan, Hadhramout, and Al-Dali. They committed unlawful killings, physical attacks, kidnappings, and looted and destroyed personal properties.
During the last two years of conflict, many national and local human rights organizations launched reports recording all violations witnessed by most of the countries’ cities used as a battle field for the armed conflict.
The types of human rights violations distributed between unlawful killings, arbitrary arrest, torture, shelling residential neighbors, oppressing press freedoms, forbidding employees from carrying out their jobs, restricting the countries’ executive and judicial authorities, using the civilian sites for military purposes, planting landmines in agricultural lands and vital streets, recruiting children for armed fights, cutting the public services, censoring news websites, and destroying houses, schools and mosques.