In such circumstances, political assassination crimes became rampant following the coup by the Houthis and their allies on Hadi’s internationally-recognized authorities. The assassinations also targeted political leaders from the Yemeni Congregation for Reform (Islah) and others thought to be affiliated with the moderate wing of the Houthi group.

In January 2014, unknown armed individuals assassinated Dr. Ahmed Sharaf al-Deen by shooting him with live bullets when he drove his car from his house onto one of the public roads. He was a prominent leader in the Al-Haq Party and a representative of the Ansar Allah movement (Houthi armed group) in the National Dialogue Conference in Yemen.

On November 2, 2014, two armed individuals on a motorcycle in the middle of the capital Sana’a killed Dr. Mohammed Abdulmalik al-Mutawakkil, 72, a prominent political figure close to the Houthi group and Assistant Secretary-General of the Popular Forces. The case was registered against unknown assassins and his family members appealed for their father’s assassination not to be used for political purposes. A year before al-Mutawakkil’s death, other two unknown armed individuals killed Abdul-Karim Jadban in the same way, a parliamentarian and a supporter to the Houthis, on November 22, 2013.

In 18 November 2014, the assistant general secretary of the Islah party in Taiz city Sadeq Mansour al-Haidari was killed by a bomb placed in his car in the al-Masbah area in Taiz.

On March 30, 2015, a number of Houthi armed members killed Jamal al-Ayani, an Islah leader in Hodeida city, after a protest took place in the city and was suppressed by the Houthi and Saleh-affiliated forces with live bullets.

On May 21, 2015, Houthi insurgents assassinated Abdo al-Modomi in Sana’a, an active member in the Islah party. Eyewitnesses confirmed that some Houthi armed members assassinated al-Modomi in al-Sunainah neighborhood after he received threats from them.

On April 23, 2016, two armed persons on a motorcycle, believed to be from the Houthi group, killed Hassan al-Ya’ari, the head of the Shoura Council in Islah in Thamar. He was shot dead in front of his house after praying the noon prayer in the mosque.

Al-Ya’ari was earlier kidnapped by Houthi insurgents in Thamar city, which is under Houthi control.

On November 2, 2014, two armed persons on a motor cycle in the center of the capital Sana’a killed Dr. Mohammed Abdulmalik al-Mutawakkil, 72, a prominent political figure close to the Houthi group and the assistant secretary general of the Party of Union of Popular Forces.

President Hadi, who was under house arrest by the Houthi, ordered an investigation into this incident but no results were announced by the appointed entity responsible for the investigation.

No security or responsible entity in the de facto authority of the Houthi groups announced any investigation into the assassination crimes or the unlawful killings of peaceful protesters, citizens, and opponent political leaders by the Houthi armed insurgents.

In the absence of the justice system and transparent investigations, security officials loyal to Saleh and the Houthi groups made political accusations about the assassination and the random attacks that happened after September 2014. These accusations were employed to get rid of their political opponents and distract the attention from the demand of legal investigation.